Section Code: 0927 - 0937

Thai Civil and Commercial Code


Chapter 2: Bills of Exchange

Part 2: Acceptance

Section 927. Acceptance

Up to maturity, a bill of exchange may be presented to the drawee for acceptance at the place where he resides, either by the holder or by a simple possessor.

In any bill of exchange, the drawer may stipulate that it shall be presented for acceptance, with or without fixing a limit of time for presentment.

Except in the case of a bill drawn payable at a particular place other than the drawee's domicile or a bill drawn payable at a certain time after sight, the drawer may presentment for acceptance.

The drawer may also stipulate that presentment for acceptance shall not take place before a certain date.

Every indorser may stipulate that the bill shall be presented for acceptance with or without fixing a limit of time for presentment, unless the drawer has prohibited acceptance.

Section 928. Presentation of the Bill

The holder of a bill of exchange payable at the end of a period after sight must present it for acceptance within six months from its date, or within such shorter or longer time as specified by the drawer.

Section 929. Immediate Acceptance

Subject to the provisions of Section 927, the holder of a bill of exchange has a right to present it to the drawee immediately for acceptance; and if it has not been accepted within twenty-four hours, the holder has a right to protest it.

Section 930. Requirement for Second Presentation

When a bill of exchange is presented for acceptance, the holder is not obliged to leave it in the hands of the drawee.

The drawee may demand that a bill of exchange shall be presented to him a second time on the day after the first presentment. Parties interested are not allowed to set up that this demand has not been complied with unless the demand is specified in the protest.

Section 931. Acceptance of Bill

An acceptance is written on the face of the bill of exchange. It is expressed by the word "accepted", or any other equivalent term and signed by the drawee. The mere signature of the drawee on the face of the bill constituted an acceptance.

Section 932. Undated or Wrong Date Draft

Where a bill of exchange expressed to be payable at a fixed period after date is issued is undated, or where the acceptance of a bill payable at a fixed period after sight is undated, any holder may insert therein the true date of issue or acceptance and the bill shall be payable accordingly.

Provided that where the holder in good faith and by mistake inserts a wrong date and in every case where a wrong date is inserted, if the bill subsequently comes into the hands of a lawful holder, the bill shall not be avoided thereby but shall operate and be payable as if the date so inserted has been the true date.

Section 933. Undated Acceptance

If the acceptance is not dated, the last day of the period fixed for acceptance is deemed to be the day of acceptance.

Section 934. Cancelled Bill

Where the drawee who has put his acceptance on a bill of exchange has cancelled it before the bill has left his hands, acceptance is deemed to be refused; nevertheless, the drawee is bound, according to terms of his acceptance, if he has cancelled it after he has in writing informed the holder or any other party who has signed the bill that he has accepted it.

Section 935. Acceptance is either general or qualified.

A general acceptance assents without qualification to the order of the drawer. A qualified acceptance in express terms varies the effect of the bill as drawn. In particular an acceptance is qualified which is conditional or partial.

Section 936. Qualified Acceptance

The holder of a bill of exchange may refuse to take a qualified acceptance, and if he does not obtain an unqualified acceptance, may treat the bill as dishonored by non-acceptance.

Where a qualified acceptance is taken, and the drawer or an indorser has not expressly or impliedly authorized the holder to take a qualified acceptance, or does not subsequently assent thereto, such drawer or indorser is discharged from his liability on the bill. These provisions do not apply to a partial acceptance, whereof due notice has been given.

Where the drawer or indorser of a bill receives notice of a qualified acceptance, and does not within a reasonable time express his dissent to the holder he shall be deemed to have assented thereto.

Section 937. Bound to Pay

By acceptance of the bill of exchange the drawee becomes bound to pay the amount accepted according to the tenor of his acceptance.