Section Code: 0449 - 0452
Thai Civil and Commercial Code
Section 449. Self Defense
A person who, acting in lawful defense or under a lawful command, has caused injury to any other person is not liable to make compensation.
The injured person can claim compensation from the person against whom the lawful defense was directed, or from the person who wrongfully gave the command, as the case may be.
Section 450. Avert Common Danger
If a person damages or destroys a thing in order to avert an immediate common danger, he is not liable to make compensation, provided the damage done is not out of proportion to the danger.
If a person damages or destroys a thing in order to avert an immediate individual danger, he shall make restitution therefore.
If a person damages or destroys a thing in order to protect the rights of himself or of a third person against immediate danger threatened by the thing itself, such person is not liable to make compensation, provided the damage done is not out of proportion to the danger. If the danger was caused by such person's fault he is liable to make compensation.
Section 451. Use of Force Only Allowed when Necessary and Reasonable
A person who uses force for protecting his right is not liable to make compensation if under the circumstances the help the Court or of the proper authorities is not obtainable in due time and there is danger that, if he does not act immediately, the realization of his right will be frustrated or seriously impeded.
The using of force according to the foregoing paragraph must be strictly limited to that which is necessary for adverting the danger.
If any person does the act specified in the first paragraph under the erroneous assumption that the necessary conditions exist to render his act lawful, he is liable to make compensation to the other person, even if the error was not due to his negligence.
Section 452. Notice must be provided before taking Animals
A possessor of an immovable property is entitled to seize animals belonging to another person which cause injury on such property and retain them as security for any compensation which may be due to him, he is even entitled to kill them if it is necessary under the circumstances.
However he must give notice without delay to the owner of the animals. If the owner could not be found the person seizing must take proper measures to seek him out.