Section Code: 1700 - 1710
Thai Civil and Commercial Code
Chapter 6: Nullity of a Will or of Clause in a Will
Section 1700. Inalienability Clause
Subject to the provisions of this Chapter, a person may, be an act producing effect during lifetime or after death, dispose of any property under a stipulation that such property shall be inalienable by the beneficiary under such disposition, provided that the stipulator appoints some person, other than the beneficiary under such disposition, who shall become absolutely entitled to such property in case of violation of the inalienability clause.
The person appointed must be capable or rights at the same time when the act disposing of such property takes effect.
If there is no such appointment, the inalienability clause shall be deemed non-existent.
Section 1701. Period for Inalienability Clause
The inalienability clause stipulated under the foregoing section may be either be for a period of time or for the life of the beneficiary.
If no period has been fixed, the period of inalienability shall be deemed to last for the life of the beneficiary if the beneficiary is a natural person, or thirty years if the beneficiary is a juristic person.
If the period of inalienability is specified, such period cannot exceed thirty years; if a longer period is specified, it shall be reduced to thirty years.
Section 1702. Inalienability Clause – Movable Property
Any inalienability clause concerning movable property whose ownership is not subject to registration shall be deemed non-existent.
No inalienability clause concerning immovable property or any real right appertaining thereto is complete unless it is made in writing and registered by the competent official.
(*1) The provisions of the foregoing paragraph applies as regards ships of five tons and over, floating houses and beast of burden.
[* The third paragraph of Section 1702 has been by Section 16 of Civil and Commercial Code Amendment Act, (no.14), B.E. 2548.]
Section 1703. Minimum age for Will
A will made by a person who has not completed his fifteenth year of age is void.
Section 1704. Required Competency
A will made by a person adjudged incompetent is void.
A will made by a person, who is alleged to be of unsound mind but not adjudged incompetent, may be annulled only if it is proved that at the time of making the will the testator was actually of unsound mind.
Section 1705. Contrary to Law
A will or clause in a will is void if it is contrary to the provisions of Section 1652, 1653, 1656, 1657, 1658, 1660, 1661, or 1663.
Section 1706. Void Dispositions
A testamentary disposition is void:
- if it appoints a legatee upon the condition that the latter shall dispose also by will of his own property in favor of the testator or of a third person;
- if it refers to a person whose identity cannot be ascertained; however a legacy under a particular title may be made in favor of a person to be chosen by a certain person out of several other persons or out of any group of persons specified by the testator;
- if the property bequeathed is so insufficient described that it cannot ascertained or if the amount of a legacy is left to the discretion of a certain person.
Section 1707. Disposition to Party to transfer to a Third Party is Void
If a testamentary disposition appoints a legatee upon the condition that the latter shall dispose of the property bequeathed in favor of a third person, such condition shall be deemed non-existent.
Section 1708. Cancellation of Will as a Result of Distress
After the death of the testator, any interested person may apply to the Court to have a will cancelled on account of duress; but if the testator continues to live for more than one year after he has ceased to be under the influence of the duress, such application cannot be made.
Section 1709. Cancellation of Will as a Result of Mistake
After the death of the testator, any interested person may apply to the Court to have a will cancelled on account of mistake or fraud only when the mistake or fraud is such that without it the will would not have been made.
The foregoing paragraph shall apply even if the fraud has been committed by a person who is not a beneficiary under the will.
However, a will made under the influence of mistake or fraud is operative if the testator fails to revoke it within one year after discovering the mistake or fraud.
Section 1710. Statute of Limitations for Cancellation of Will
No action for cancellation of a testamentary disposition can be entered later than:
- three months after the death of the testator if the ground for cancellation was known to the plaintiff during the lifetime of the testator, or
- three months after the plaintiff has acquired knowledge of such ground in any other case.
However, if such testamentary disposition affecting the interest of the plaintiff is unknown to him, even though the ground for cancellation was known to him, the period of three months shall run from the moment when such disposition is known or ought to have been known to the plaintiff.
In any case, such action cannot be entered later than ten years after the death of the testator.