Section Code: 0025 - 0028
Trademark Act B.E. 2534 (1991)
As Amended by Act (No. 2) B.E. 2543 (2000)
Chapter 1: Trademarks
PART 1: Trademark Applications
In the case where the Registrar has been informed within the period specified in Section 24 as to which applicant is allowed by agreement to register, the Registrar shall order the application of such applicant to be published under Section 29.
In the case where the Registrar has been informed within the period prescribed in Section 24 that no agreement has been reached or has not been informed within the said period, the Registrar, under Section 29, shall order the publication of the first applicant or of the first among those who have not abandoned their applications, as the case may be.
In the case where Registrar has already notified the applicants in writing to comply with Section 24 and another applicant files an application for a trademark which the Registrar finds to be identical with those of the other applicants or so similar thereto that the public might be confused or misled as to the owner or origin of the goods, the goods being of the same class or of the same character in a different class, the Registrar shall refuse registration and shall, without delay, inform the applicant in writing. In such a case, the provisions of Section 21 paragraph two shall apply mutatis mutandis.
If the Registrar is of the opinion that there has been honest concurrent users or special circumstances which make it proper to do so, the Registrar may allow the registration by more than one owner of a trademark which is identical with or similar to a registered trademark under Section 13 or to trademarks applied for under pending applications under Section 20 in respect of goods of the same class or goods of a different class but found by the Registrar to be of the same character subject to such conditions and limitations as to the mode or place of user or such other conditions and limitations as the Registrar may think fit to impose. The Registrar shall without delay notify the applicants and registered trademark owner in writing giving the grounds thereof.
The applicant or registered trademark owner may appeal an order of the Registrar under the first paragraph to the Board within ninety days from the date of receipt thereof.
Decisions of the Board under paragraph two shall be final.
A person who has filed a trademark application in a foreign country and files an application for the registration of the trademark in Thailand within six months from the first foreign application, he may claim the first foreign filing date as the filing date in Thailand if he possesses one of the following qualifications:
- being a Thai national or a juristic person having its headquarters located in Thailand;
- being a national of a country party to a convention or international agreement on trademark protection to which Thailand is also a party;
- being a national of a country which accords the same rights to Thai nationals or juristic persons having their headquarters located in Thailand;
- being domiciled or having a real and effective industrial or commercial establishment in Thailand or a country party to a convention or international agreement on trademark protection to which Thailand is also a party.
In the case where the first foreign application has been refused, or withdrawn or abandoned by the applicant, he may not claim the rights under the first paragraph.
In the case where a trademark application is filed in a foreign country for the same trademark which a previous application has been refused, or withdrawn or abandoned by the applicant within six months from the date of the first foreign application, the applicant may claim the rights under the first paragraph provided that:
- no claim for the right of priority under the first paragraph has been made for the trademark application under paragraph three; and
- the application under paragraph three may not be processed under the trademark law of the country where the application was filed; and
- the refusal, withdrawal or abandonment of the application has not been disclosed to the public.
In the case where goods bearing a trademark are exhibited at an international exhibition held in Thailand or a country party to a convention or an international agreement on trademark protection to which Thailand is also a party and organized by a government agency, public enterprise or any other government unit of Thailand or the member country or recognized by the government of Thailand, the trademark owner may claim the rights under the first paragraph of Section 28 provided that he files a trademark application for the goods exhibited in such exhibition within six months from the date of introduction of the goods into the exhibition or the first foreign filing date, whichever is earlier. In such a case, the application shall not be used to extend the time period prescribed in Section 28.
The organization of exhibitions of goods to be regarded as international exhibitions and the application under the first paragraph shall comply with the rules, conditions and procedures as prescribed in the Ministerial Regulations.