Section Code: 0001
U.S. – THAILAND TAX TREATY 1998
Convention between the government of the United States of America and the government of the kingdom of Thailand for the avoidance of double taxation and the prevention of fiscal evasion with respect to taxes on income.
The Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Kingdom of Thailand, desiring to conclude a Convention for the avoidance of double taxation and the prevention of fiscal evasion with respect to taxes on income, have agreed as follows:
Article 1: Personal Scope
This Convention shall apply to persons who are residents of one or both of the Contracting States, except as otherwise provided in the Convention.
Notwithstanding any provision of the Convention except paragraph 3 of this Article, a Contracting State may tax its residents (as determined under Article 4 (Residence)), and by reason of citizenship may tax its citizens, as if the Convention had not come into effect. For this purpose, the term "citizen" shall include a former citizen whose loss of citizenship had as one of its principal purposes the avoidance of tax (as defined under the laws of the Contracting States), but only for a period of 10 years following such loss. In the case of the United States, the term "resident" shall include a former long-term lawful resident (whether or not so treated under Article 4) whose loss of residence status had as one of its principal purposes the avoidance of tax (as defined under the laws of the United States), but only for a period of 10 years following such loss.
The provisions of paragraph 2 shall not affect:
- the benefits conferred by a Contracting State under paragraph 2 of Article 9 (Associated Enterprises), under paragraphs 2 and 5 of Article 20 (Pensions and Social Security Payments) and under Articles 25 (Relief from Double Taxation), 26 (Non-Discrimination), and 27 (Mutual Agreement Procedure); and
- the benefits conferred by a Contracting State under Articles 21 (Government Service), 22 (Students and Trainees), 23 (Teachers) and 29 (Diplomatic Agents and Consular Officers), upon individuals who are neither citizens of, nor have immigrant status in, that State.
The Convention shall not restrict in any manner any exclusion, exemption, deduction, credit, or other allowance now or hereafter accorded:
- by the laws of either Contracting State; or
- by any other agreement between the Contracting States.
Notwithstanding the provisions of subparagraph 4 (b):
- Notwithstanding any other agreement to which the Contracting States may be parties, a dispute concerning whether a measure is within the scope of this Convention shall be considered only by the competent authorities of the Contracting States, as defined in subparagraph 1(e) of Article 3 (General Definitions) of this Convention, and the procedures under this Convention exclusively shall apply to the dispute.
Unless the competent authorities determine that a taxation measure is not within the scope of this Convention, the non-discrimination obligations of this Convention exclusively shall apply with respect to that measure, except for such national treatment or most-favored-nation obligations as may apply to trade in goods under the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade.
No national treatment or most-favored-nation obligation under any other agreement shall apply with respect to that measure.
- For the purpose of this paragraph, a “measure” is a law, regulation, rule, procedure, decision, administrative action, or any other form of measure.