Section Code: 1117 - 1143

Thai Civil and Commercial Code


Part 2: Shares and Shareholders

Section 1117. Minimum Value of Share

The amount of a share may not be less than five baht.

Section 1118. Shares are indivisible

If a share is held by two or more persons in common, they must appoint one of them to exercise their rights as shareholders.

Persons holding a share in common are jointly liable to the company for payment of the amount of the share.

Section 1119. Payment for Shares

The whole amount of every share must be paid in money, except shares allotted under Section 1108 sub-section 5, or under Section 1221.

A shareholder cannot avail himself of a set-off against the company as to payments on shares.

Section 1120. Contacting Shareholders for Payment

Unless otherwise decided by a general meeting, the directors may make calls upon the shareholders in respect of all money being due on their shares.

Section 1121. Notice Period for Payment

Twenty-one days’ notice at least must be given by registered letter of each call and each shareholder must pay the amount of such call to the person and at the time and place fixed by the directors.

Section 1122. Interest Accrues from the Due Date of Payment

If the call payable in respect of any share has not been paid on the day fixed for payment thereof, the holder of such share is bound to pay interest from the day fixed for payment to the time of the actual payment.

Section 1123. Second Notice with Interest

If a shareholder fails to pay a call on the day fixed for payment thereof, the directors may give him notice by registered letter to pay such call with interest.

The notice must fix a reasonable time within which such call and interest must be paid.

It must also fix the place where payment must be made. The notice may also state that in the case of non-payment the share in respect of which such call was made may be forfeited.

Section 1124. Forfeiture of Shares

If a statement as to forfeiture has been made in the notice the directors may, as long as the call and interest remain unpaid, declare the shares to be forfeited.

Section 1125. Forfeiture by Public Auction

Shares forfeited must be sold without delay by public auction. The proceeds must be applied to the payment of the call and interest due. The surplus, if any must be returned to the shareholder.

Section 1126. Shares Value are the same

The title of the purchaser of the forfeited share is not affected by any irregularity in the proceedings of such forfeiture and sale.

Section 1127. Share Certificates

A certificate or certificates shall be delivered to each shareholder for the shares held by him.

The delivery of a certificate may be subject to the payment of such fee, not exceeding fifty satang, as the directors may decide.

Section 1128. Signed and Sealed Shares

Every certificate of shares shall be signed by one of the directors at least, and shall bear the seal of the company.

It must contain the following particulars:

  1. The name of the company.
  2. The numbers of the shares to which it applies.
  3. The amount of each share.
  4. In the case the shares are not fully paid up, the amount paid on each share.
  5. The name of the shareholder or a statement that the certificate is to bearer.

Section 1129. Transferable Shares

Shares are transferable without the assets of the company unless, in case of shares entered in a name certificate, it is otherwise provided in the regulations of the company.

The transfer of shares entered in a name certificate is void unless made in writing and signed by the transferor and the transferee whose signatures shall be certified by one witness at least.

Such transfer is invalid as against the company and third person until the fact of the transfer and the name and address of the transferee are entered in the register of shareholders.

Section 1130. Declining to Register Share without Payment

The company may decline to register a transfer of shares on which a call is due.

Section 1131. Closing of Transfer Book

The transfer book may be closed during fourteen days immediately preceding the ordinary general meeting.

Section 1132. Death or Bankruptcy of Shareholder

If by some event such as the death or bankruptcy of any shareholder, another person becomes entitled to a share, the company shall, on surrender of the share certificate when possible, and on proper evidence being produced, register such other person as a shareholder.

Section 1133. Liability for Payment of Unpaid Share

The transferor of a share not fully paid up continues to be liable for the full amount unpaid thereon, provided that:

  1. No transferor shall be liable in respect to any obligation of the company incurred after the transfer.
  2. No transferor shall be liable to continue unless it appears to the Court that the existing shareholders are unable to satisfy the contributions required to be made by them.

No action against the transferor for such liability can be entered later than two years after the transfer has been entered in the register of shareholders.

Section 1134. Bearer Certificates

Certificates to bearer may be issued only if authorized by the regulations of the company and for shares which are fully paid up. In such case the holder of a name certificate is entitled to receive certificate to bearer on surrendering the name certificate for cancellation.

Section 1135. Transfer of Bearer Certificate

Shares entered in a certificate to bearer are transferred by the mere delivery of certificate.

Section 1136. Trading Bearer Certificate to Name Certificate

The holder of a certificate to bearer is entitled to receive a name certificate on surrendering the certificate to bearer for cancellation.

Section 1137. Company Share Requirements must be Name Certificates

If it is prescribed by the regulations of the company that a director must hold a certain number of shares of the company as a qualification for such office, such shares must be shares entered in a name certificate.

Section 1138. Requirements for Shareholder Register

Every limited company must keep a register of shareholders containing the following particulars:

  1. The names and addresses, and occupations, if any, of the shareholders, a statement of the shares held by each shareholder, distinguishing each share by its number, and of the amount paid or agreed to be considered as paid on the shares of each shareholder.
  2. The date at which each person was entered in the register as a shareholder.
  3. The date at which each shareholder ceased to be a shareholder.
  4. The numbers and date of certificates issued to bearer, and the respective numbers of shares entered in each such certificate.
  5. The date of cancellation of any name certificate or certificate bearer.

Section 1139. Company Shareholder Registration Open for Review

The register of shareholders commencing from the date of the registration of the company shall be kept at the registered office of the company. It shall be gratuitously open to inspection by the shareholders, during business hours, subjected to such reasonable restrictions as the directors may impose, but not less than 2 hours a day.

It shall be the duty of the directors to send once at least in every year to the Registrar, and not later than on the fourteenth day after the ordinary meeting, a copy of the list of all shareholders at the time such meeting and those who have ceased to be shareholders since the date of the last ordinary meeting. Such list shall include all particulars specified in the foregoing section.

Section 1140. Copies of Register

Any shareholders is entitled to require a copy of such register or of any part thereof to be delivered to him on payment of fifty satang for every hundred words required to be copied.

Section 1141. Assumption of Correctness of the Shareholder Register

The register of shareholders is presumed to be correct evidence of any matters directed or authorized by law to be inserted therein.

Section 1142. Preference Shares

If preference shares have been issued, the preferential rights attributed to such shares cannot be altered.

Section 1143. Limited Company may not own its own shares

A limited company may not own its own shares or take them in pledge.