Section Code: 1448 - 1460

Thai Civil and Commercial Code


Chapter 2: Conditions of Marriage

Section 1448. Minimum Age of Marriage

A marriage can take place only when the man and woman have completed their seventeenth year of age. But the Court may, in case of having appropriate reason, allow them to marry before attaining such age.

Section 1449. Insane or Incompetent Person

A marriage cannot take place if either the man or the woman is an insane person or adjudged incompetent.

Section 1450. Blood Relations

A marriage cannot take place if the man and woman are blood relations in the direct ascendant or descendant line, or brother or sister of full or half blood. The said relationship shall be in accordance with blood relation without regard to its legitimacy.

Section 1451. Adopted

An adopter cannot marry the adopted.

Section 1452. Currently Married

A marriage cannot take place if the man or woman is already the spouse of another person.

Section 1453. 310 Days Waiting Period

In case of the woman whose husband died or whose marriage has become terminated, the marriage can only take place if not less than three hundred and ten days have elapsed since the termination of her previous marriage; unless

  1. a child has been born during such period;
  2. the divorced couple remarry;
  3. there is a certificate issued by a qualified doctor who is a lawful physical practitioner in medicine showing that the woman is not pregnant;
  4. there is an order of the Court allowing the woman to marry.

Section 1454. Marriage of Minor

In case of marriage of a minor, the provisions of Section 1436 shall apply mutatis mutandis.

Section 1455. Consent for Marriage by Minors

Giving consent to the marriage may be made:

  1. by affixing signature of the person giving consent in the Register at the time of registration of the marriage;
  2. by a consent document stating the names of the parties to the marriage and signed by the person giving consent;
  3. by verbal declaration before at least two witnesses in case of necessity.

The consent having been given cannot be revoked.

Section 1456. If no person to consent, minors can file an application with the court

In case where there is no person having the power to give consent under Section 1454, or if the person refuses to give consent or is in the position of being unable to give consent, or the minor cannot, in such circumstances, ask for the consent, the minor may file an application with the Court for giving consent to the marriage.

Section 1457. Registration

Marriage under this Code shall be effected only on registration being made.

Section 1458. Agreement to be married

A marriage can take place only if the man and woman agree to take each other as husband and wife, and such agreement must be declared publicly before the Registrar in order to have it recorded by the Registrar.

Section 1459. Marriage in Foreign Country is legal in Thailand

A marriage in foreign country between Thai people or between a Thai people and a foreigner may be effected according to the form prescribed by Thai law or by the law of the country where it takes place.

If the spouses desire to have the marriage registered according to Thai law, the registration shall be effected by a Thai Diplomatic or Consular Officer.

Section 1460. Special Circumstance which make Marriage Registration impossible

In case where there exists special circumstances that make the marriage registration by the Registrar unable because either or both of the man and woman were in imminent danger of death or in the state of armed conflict or war, if a declaration of intention to marry has been made by the man and woman before a person of sui juris living there, who would have noted down as an evidence such intention, and if the registration of marriage between the man and woman was effected thereafter not later than ninety days as from the date of first possible opportunity to apply for registration of marriage with production of the evidence of the intention in order to have the date and place of declaration of intention to marry and the special circumstances recorded by the Registrar in the Marriage Register, the day on which declaration of intention to marry has been made to the said person shall be deemed as the date of registration of marriage.

The provisions of this Section shall not apply to the marriage that is void if it should take place on the date of declaration of intention.